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desktop_station_s_serial_communication_specification

Serial Communication Specification

How to use this topic

This topic describes in Desktop Station's serial communication specification. DSGatewayLib's example (e.g. DSgateway, DSmainRx) supports this specification to communicate with Desktop Station.

このページでは、Windows上で動作するDesktop Station Softwareと、DSmainR5や、DCC/MM2シールド装着済みArduinoUNOにDSGatewayを書き込んだものと、シリアル通信で指令を送る際のコマンド体系を解説しています。この解説を元に、WindowsやMacでオリジナルのソフトを作って、DSmainなどを自由に制御できます。

How to communicate

The following table describes serial communication configuration.
シリアル通信設定は以下のとおりです。

Parity None
Data Bits 8
Stop Bit 1
Bit rate 115200bps (Default) It depends on the configuration of Arduino's sketch

Command structure is “CommandName(Parameter1,Parameter2)\n”.
The parameter numeric must use decimal number. Do not use hexadecimal at command message.
Desktop Station sends to Arduino with DSmain or DCC/MM2 shield that the end of command text is as line feed code “\n (0x0A)”.

コマンドの構造は、「コマンド名(引数1,引数2,・・・)\n」となっています。命令の最後はLF(改行コード)を必ず付けてください。大文字小文字を考慮します。

コマンドを送る場合、200 Okの応答からウェイトを最低100ms以上置いてください。内部で処理を行ってDCCパルス生成器を確実に動作させるために必要です。

Command list

Commands Parameters examples
setPing none setPing()\n
setPower Power on/off setPower(1)\n
setLocoSpeed Locomotive address, Speed, (Speed Step) setLocoSpeed(5,100,2)\n
setLocoDirection Locomotive address, Locomotive Direction setLocoDirection(5,1)\n
setLocoFunction Locomotive address, Function No, Function On/Off setLocoFunction(5,1,1)\n
setTurnout Accessory address, Turnout Direction setTurnout(5,1)\n
getS88 S88 decoder count getS88(2)\n
setLocoConfig CV Address, CV No, CV Value setLocoConfig(49152,1,3)\n
getLocoConfig CV Address, CV No getLocoConfig(49152,1)\n

Parameter meaning

Parameter Value range meanings
Power on/off 0-1 0: Power Off, 1: Power On
Locomotive address 0-65535 See the following address description.
Speed 0-1023 1023 means max speed. 0 means stop locomotive.
Speed step 0-2 0: DCC28 or MM2 14, 1:DCC14, 2:DCC128
Function No 0-28 Locomotive's function number
Function Value 0-1 Locomotive's function ON(1) or OFF(0)
Locomotive Direction 1-2 1:FWD, 2:REV
Accessory address 0-65535 See the following address description.
Turnout/Signal Direction 0-1 1:Straight(Green), 0: diverging(Red)
S88 decoder count 0-32 Set connected S88 decoder count.
CV Address 0 or 49152 Set 0 (MM2, under developing) or 49152 (DCC).
CV No 0-1023 Locomotive's CV number
CV Value 0-255 Locomotive's CV Value

以下のテーブルは、ロコとポイントのアドレス(1-65535)の意味をあらわしてます。
The following table describes Locomotive's and Accessory's address meaning.

Address type Address range Address means
Marklin Motorola 2 locomotive 0x0000-0x07FF 0(0x0000) - 255(0x00FF)
DCC locomotive 0xC000-0x1FFF 0(0xC000) - 9999(0xE70F)
Marklin Motorola 2 accessory 0x3000-0x37FF 1(0x3000) - 320(0x3140)
DCC accessory 0x3800-0x3FFF 1(0x3800) - 2044(0x3FFC)

Reply message

Reply message meanings
100 Ready Waiting for commands.
200 Ok Completely processed. Received correctly.
300 Command error Command or Parameter is not correct.
301 Syntax error Command is not parsed correctly. Command syntax is not correct.
302 receive timeout Command is not received fully in the enough time.
303 Unknown error Unknown issue happens.

Communication procedure

  1. Initialization of serial port.
  2. Set baudrate 115200bps and FIFO configuration(if needed).
  3. Open serial port
  4. Reset serial port(Use DTR).
  5. Wait for receiving a message “100 Ready”.
  6. After received “100 ready”, you can send commands.
  7. Firstly you need to send “setPower(1)”.
  8. The output of track is available. Send commands which you want.

Example of communication log

以下は、通信ログの例です。setPing()を投げて生存確認をしてから、setPower(1)で線路電源のON、そのあとはコマンドを打てばその通りにDCC信号が出力されます。

[RECV]100 Ready
[SEND] setPing()
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setPower(1)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setLocoSpeed(3,63,0)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setLocoSpeed(3,200,0)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setLocoSpeed(3,89,0)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setLocoSpeed(3,0,0)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setLocoFunction(3,0,1)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] getS88(1)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setLocoFunction(3,0,0)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] getS88(1)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setLocoDirection(3,2)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setLocoSpeed(3,29,0)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setLocoSpeed(3,98,0)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setLocoSpeed(3,230,0)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setLocoSpeed(3,0,0)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setTurnout(12288,0)
[RECV]200 Ok
[SEND] setTurnout(12290,1)
[RECV]200 Ok
desktop_station_s_serial_communication_specification.txt · 最終更新: 2017/06/25 21:03 by yaasan